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History and prestige of Sunthornphu

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History and prestige of Sunthornphu

       Sunthornphu was born on Monday, in the eighth month of the first waxing moon, in the year of the Horse of the traditional Thai zodiac, on 26th June  B.E. 2329. This was in the ear of early

       Rattanakosin. He separated from his parents when still essentially underage and moved to settle in Muang Klang, Rayong. While approximately 20,

He set out on a boat with his disciples to journey towards a number of districts in the passage. During this voyage, however, “ Nirad Muang Klang” Was Composed. He also depicted people‘s living conditions and their environment in detail, proven to be extremely useful for the studies of culture geography and economy of Thai villages. Later, he escorted Prince Phathomwongse to pay homage to the Buddha’s footprint in Saraburi. “Nirad  Phrabath”, in Which he described his experiences and referred to the differences that arisen between him and his wife, was composed during the journey.

       He was elected an advisor Poet to King Rama ll and was entitled “Khun Sunthorn Woharn. After King Rama ll passed away, Sunthorn Phu‘s enemy ascended the throne as king Rama lll. The poet was at once deprived of his title and position, and he had to take to the kindly shelter of the yellow robe at Wat Ratchadurana. During this period, he wrote several poems, one of the most notable being Nirat Phukhaothong, depicting sorrow and despair in life.

ln B.E. 2385, “Rumpunbhilarp” was composed recounting life sadness,

which appeals its readers to his autobiography. Nirat Muangpetch was the last

traveling rhyme composed.

       During this last period of his life, when he was under the patronage of His Majesty Phra Pin Klao (king Rama IV), he wrote Nirat Phra Prathom and

many other poems including lullabies for the royal children. He lived and wrote to a ripe old age. He died, a man of rank, position and fame, at the age of seventy, in 1855.

       The ideas suggested in his rhymes are beautiful and excellent and in accordance with Thai value and philosophies. They are deep and go along very well whit Thai attitudes and Buddhist beliefs of the early Ratanakosin era.

World – Class Masterpiece

       In 1986, for his Bicentennial, UNESCO officially recognised his eminence as the Prople’s Poet of Thailand and the world’s distinguished figure of cultural masterpiece. The Year also witnessed nationwide celebration. A new edition of his works, translations, and biographical studies were published in many languages, for instance, Sunthornphu’s German version, Phra Abhaimanis Danish and Russian editions. Besides, the cultural fairs and entertainment attested to the esteem in which the poet was held. He is the only common poet having ever honoured like this.

       The Thai government has proclaimed his bicentenary calebrations since 26 June 1986, the year of the great poet “Sunthornphu”.



       “A calendar for the years 1986 and 1987 of anniversaries (centenaries and multiples of centenaries) of great personalities and historic events connected with education, science, culture and communication will be prepared in 1985 on the basis of information provided by National Commission, and will be widely distributed”

       In response to the Director Generals invitation, thirty – one States has, at 8 August 1985, provide a list of the anniversaries they proposed to celebrate in the course of 1986 and 1987. The information provided by those Member States, for which they are responsible, is reproduced in the following pages, without committing the organization to associating itself whit celebrations or granting its sponsorship or financial assistance for the purpose.

Anniversaries of great personalities and historic events, 1986 –1987

26 June 1986

Sunthornphu The people’s poet, one of the greatest Poets of Thailand

Last Updated (Wednesday, 04 July 2012 09:23)


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